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The federal Economic Opportunity Act of 1964 created the Community Action Network of national and local organizations that connect millions of people, with low and moderate incomes, to essential services. The network works to build community resiliency and help people move out of poverty.
President Lyndon Johnson signs the Economic Opportunity Act establishing community action agencies and programs
Donald Rumsfeld, Director of the Office of Economic Opportunity, issues OEO Instruction 6320-1 establishing the mission and the model of community action. The emphases are on family, agency and community.
Community Service Act replaces Economic Opportunity Act
Community Service Act replaced by Community Service Block Grant (CSBG) Act. State offices now installed as recipients of the Block Grant funding and therefore as intermediaries for local Community Action Agencies. States given responsibility for submitting “community action plans” to identify how funding will be distributed to local agencies, and for assuring that the local agencies were meeting identified community anti- poverty needs
Congress passes Government Performance and Results Act to improve Federal program effectiveness and public accountability by promoting a new focus on results, service quality and customer satisfaction
Amendment to CSBG Act established six national goals and outcome measures by which community action agencies will be measured:
Office of Community Services Introduces ROMA – Results-Oriented Management and Accountability. It is defined as a performance-based initiative designed to preserve the anti- poverty focus of community action and promote greater effectiveness among state and local agencies receiving CSBG funds.
CSBG Act Reauthorized by Congress, ROMA identified as the comprehensive performance-based management system to be implemented across the entire community services network of community action agencies.
The Office of Community Services issues an Information Memo instructing State Offices and CSBG eligible entities to implement ROMA, identifying Core Activities required of both State recipients of the Block Grant and local Eligible Entities who ultimately receive the funding. Then Director of the Division of State Assistance commented, “The goals convey the unique strengths that the broader concept of Community Action brings to the Nation’s anti-poverty efforts.”
Implementation of National Indicators of Community Action Performance, developed by the National Association of State Community Service Programs.
The Office of Management and Budget releases a new Performance Progress Reporting Form to collect performance information from recipients of Federal funds. The ROMA Logic Model is included in the PPR.
The Office of Community Services develops a national strategic approach to implement the Obama administration’s focus on the following objectives:
Working through its network of State agencies and the national Community Action Partnership, Office of Community Services prepares to issue new performance measures for community action agencies, state partners and updated ROMA outcome measures.
The Minnesota Legislature passes legislation creating the Minnesota Indian Affairs Commission (today known as the Minnesota Indian Affairs Council).
The Minnesota Office of Economic Opportunity is created and by year-end nearly all Minnesota counties are served by a newly formed Community Action Agency (CAA).
Sponsored by Rep. Al Quie (R-MN), Congress passes the Quie Amendment stipulating that one-third of CAA governing boards be composed of elected officials, one-third private sector/business representatives, and the remaining one-third be people/members of the public with low incomes. The Green Amendment also passes, stipulating that local elected officials have authority to designate the official CAA for their area.
The Minnesota CAA Executive Directors form the Minnesota CAP Directors Association.
The Minnesota CAP Directors Association is reorganized into the Minnesota CAP Association.
The Minnesota Legislature provides the first state funding for Community Action Agencies. This was done in part to help meet the match requirements of the federal OEO funding program.
Minnesota responds to the Community Service Block Grant (CSBG) Act by passing the Minnesota Community Action Program Act, the first state Community Action legislation in the country.